The Different Art Forms and Your Understanding of Art
The paintings of the TanjoreSchool can be both quite huge and very miniature. The main subjects of the Tanjore style are images of gods, goddesses, holy personalities, scenes of the palace and public life. The central character of the paintings is always drawn in detail. The figures in Tanjore painting have rounded shapes and are quite massive. The classic traditional pattern was applied with natural dyes on wooden planks known as PalagaiPadam (Palagai means wooden plank, Padamdrawing), for which jackfruit (Artocarpusheterophyllus) or teak (Tectonagrandis) was used. Contemporary artists use ordinary paints and plywood, on which the canvas is stretched. You can visit the best here.
Mysore style, like Tanjore, is considered the classic form of the South Indian school of painting, which is an offshoot of the Vijayanagar school. It developed in the Principality of Mysore (Karnataka), subordinate to the Vijayanagar Empire. Since 1399, Mysore was ruled by the Vadyar dynasty, which patronized the development of art, in particular painting, which reached its peak in this period. Mysore artists painted walls and ceilings of temples and palaces with their paintings. A vivid example of early Mysore painting is the still-active Virupakshi temple in Hampi, dating from the 7th century. AD
Fragments of temple painting in Hampi
Mysurian, similar to the Tanjore style, fascinates with its beauty and complexity of execution. Muted tones, sophistication and the finest detailing of objects are the main characteristics of Mysore painting. The main topics of Mysore painting are images of gods and goddesses, as well as scenes from Hindu and Jaina epics. Mysore painting is done on thick paper pasted on a wooden board. Earlier, natural dyes and gold foil were used to create paintings, today, instead of natural paints, artists use watercolors.
Nowadays, paintings made in the Mysore style, the inhabitants of southern India are presented as a memorable gift.
According to legend, the painting of madhubani, or as it is also called maithili, originated as art during the reign of the legendary ruler of the country of Videh, King Janaka. The palace of Janaki, the father of Princess Sita, was in the city of Mithila. For the wedding ceremony of the only, and therefore beloved daughter of Sita and Tsarevich Rama, the king ordered to decorate his palace. Since that time, not one of the weddings has done without decorating the interior walls of houses with beautiful paintings.
- Initially, the paintings were painted on the internal walls of the houses with fresh plaster. Plaster mortar was prepared from earth mixed with cow manure. The painting was exclusively done by women and only on the occasion of the wedding. So wall painting, called by the locals BhittaChitra, developed into a cultural tradition that has been honored over the centuries.
The theme of Mithil painting revolves around Hindu deities, celestial bodies, the Sun and the Moon, sacred plants, as well as scenes from life associated with all kinds of celebrations, mainly wedding ones.